Dossier “Regímenes autoritarios, nuevas geografías y espacios de vida en América Latina” (Revista Clepsidra, marzo 2018, en prensa)

Un adelanto de lo que venimos trabajando con Carlos Salamanca sobre los proyectos urbanos y de reconfiguración territorial llevados a cabo bajo regímenes autoritarios. Los dos próximos números de la revista Clepsidra estarán dedicados a este debate.

Del primer número habrá artículos de:
Lujan Menazzi, Gabriel Tavella, Deborah Regina Leal Neves, Paulo Tavares, Ulrich Oslender.

Aquí les presentamos la tapa. El número será publicado en marzo 2018!

Radio Canada Internacional: Los espacios de los desaparecidos en Argentina

Tuve el agrado de conversar con Leonora Chapman, en una entrevista para Radio Canada Internacional, en relación a la publicación de mi libro Espacios de desaparición (Miño y Dávila, 2017) y sobre mi nuevo proyecto de investigación sobre la construcción de pueblos estratégicos en Argentina.

Aquí el link al audio de la entrevista y a la nota que ha escrito Leonora Chapman: http://www.rcinet.ca/es/2017/12/06/los-espacios-de-los-desaparecidos-en-argentina-de-pamela-colombo/

“Disparus au Mexique et en Argentine” (UQAM, Montréal)

Midi-conférence OdA – LIELA: “Disparus au Mexique et en Argentine. Discussions sur l’application et l’impact social d’une même figure” –

Adriana Pozos (UQAM) et Pamela Colombo (EHESS)
Vendredi 24 novembre 2017 -12h30 à 14h00 – salle A-3316

La figure du détenu-disparu a parcouru le Cône Sud pendant les décennies des années 1970 et 1980. Moins connue au Mexique, cette technique contre insurrectionnelle a été également appliquée. Alors qu’on croirait que les stratégies mobilisées pendant les guerres sales étaient restées dans le passé, le recours à la figure du détenu-disparu revient en force dans certains pays. Quelles semblances et différences entre l’application de cette figure en Argentine et au Mexique ? Quelles spécificités? Quels impacts sociaux ? Ces questions seront abordées dans une mise en perspective de deux projets de recherche portant sur l’Argentine et le Mexique.

 

 

Séminaire Actualité du droit internationale : disparition forcée (UQAM). Montréal, 11/2017

Le 22 novembre 2017, avec Adriana Pozos, j’ai eu le plaisir de participer au séminaire Actualité du droit internationale : disparition forcée,  organisé par le Professeur Bernard Duhaime, au sein du Master en Sciences Politique et Droit à l’Université de Quebec à Montreal. Département de Sciences Juridiques.

Nous avons presenté le travail : « Le rôle de l’espace dans les rhétoriques des disparitions : le cas des 43 étudiants disparus au Mexique ».

CONFERENCE “Problem-oriented Policing and the Rule of Law in Latin America: Overview and Reflections”

 

Really glad to be part of this conference organized by the Université de Montreal. I will be presenting the paper entitled: Building the “Pacification”: Strategic Villages to Deal with Rebel Territories in Latin America

Here I attached the conference description and the program:

DESCRIPTION

For the past twenty years, problem-oriented policing reforms have been designed and implemented in Latin America to reduce continually growing crime and violence rates. These measures aim to tackle the problem of insecurity by preventing (instead of repressing) and by addressing the underlying causes of criminality (rather than solving one crime at a time). Thus, this approach seems to fall within the principles of the rule of law, particularly because the respect of human rights and the involvement of the community are at their core.

This 2-day event proposes to discuss and assess the impact of two decades of this public security enforcement model shift, specifically in relation to the rule of law in Latin America.

November 8th at 4pm:

Keynote address – Graham Denyer Willis

November 9th from 10am to 7pm:

  • 10:00 – 12:00 Panel 1 – Public security policies, governance and the rule of law in Latin America

Chair: Manuel Balán, McGill University

Discussant: Tina Hilgers, Concordia University

Graham Denyer Willis, University of Cambridge, Cambridge

Title: Law as Axiom

Mary Fran T. Malone, University of New Hampshire, College of Liberal Arts, Durham

Title: Learning to Protect and Serve in Latin America: Building Relationships between Police and the Communities They Serve

Michelle Bonner, University of Victoria, Victoria

Title : What Democratic Policing is and is not?

Michel Fournier, McGill University, Montréal

Title: Police Reform & Antihaitianismo in the Dominican Republic

  • 1:00 – 3:00 pm Panel 2 – Problem-oriented policing reforms as a response to violence and “insecurity” ( I )

Chair: Cynthia Milton, Université de Montréal

Discussant: Massimiliano Mulone, Université de Montréal

Mark Ungar, CUNY, New York

Title: The Fight for Problem-Oriented Policing: The Political and Institutional Challenge of durable reform

Yanilda Maria Gonzalez, University of Chicago, Chicago

Title: Compromise or Cooptation? How Problem-oriented Policing May Thwart Structural Police Reform

Annabelle Dias Felix, Université de Montréal, Montréal

Title: Opening the “Black Box” of Problem-oriented Policing Programs

  • 3:30 – 5:30pm Panel 3 – Problem-oriented policing reforms as a response to violence and “insecurity” ( II )

Chair: Françoise Montambeault, Université de Montréal

Discussant: Julian Durazo-Hermann, UQÀM

Arturo Alvarado, ColMex, Mexico City

Title:

Jean Daudelin, Carleton University, Ottawa

Title: Policing and the Limits of Criminal Governance. Selective Law Enforcement and Drug Violence in Recife, Brazil

Pamela Colombo, EHESS – IRIS, Paris

Title: Building the “Pacification”: Strategic Villages to Deal with Rebel Territories in Latin America

  • 5:45pm Cocktail

Special Issue: Ethnographies politiques de la violence

In 2016, it was published the co-edited special issue:  Ethnographies politiques de la violence ». In Cultures et Conflits, No 103-104. France, 2016. (with Chiara Calzolaio and Chowra Makaremi).

In the same special issue, I published the first article resulting from my Marie Curie Project “Violent Settlements”: L’urbanisation forcée comme politique contre-insurrectionnelle. La vie au sein des villages stratégiques construits en Argentine (1976-1978)

New book: Espacios de desaparición

Acaba de ser publicado mi libro Espacios de desaparición. Vivir e imaginar los lugares de la violencia Estatal (Tucumán, 1975-1983), con un prólogo de Gabriel Gatti, en a editorial Miño y Dávila. Dentro de la colección “Justicia transicional, derechos humanos y violencia de masa,” dirigida por Sévane Garibian. Se puede descargar la primer parte del libro aquí.
Resumen del libro
Espacios de tortura percibidos como circulares sin haber sido vistos, tumbas imaginadas con la extensión de una provincia, huesos de desaparecidos acosando la infraestructura de Centros Clandes-tinos de Detención, casas perdidas en el anonimato de la clandestinidad… El objetivo principal de este libro es comprender el modo en que son vividos e imaginados los espacios en donde tuvo lugar la desaparición forzada de personas en la provincia argentina de Tucumán (1975-1983). Espacios de desaparición aborda diferentes interrogantes sobre el vínculo entre el espacio y la violencia de Estado: ¿se puede hablar de la construcción social del espacio en contextos de violencia extrema? ¿cómo se habitan los lugares que fueron marcados por la desaparición? ¿de qué manera se percibe el espacio bajo condiciones de violencia y alteración de los sentidos? ¿qué rol juega la producción de geografías imaginarias para situar partes desconocidas y clandestinas de los procesos de violencia? A partir del análisis de los discursos de familiares de desaparecidos, sobrevivientes de Centros Clandestinos de Detención y militantes de partidos de izquierda, se analizan las representaciones asociadas a los espacios de desaparición: el espacio del secuestro, el espacio del traslado, el espacio concentracionario y el espacio de inhumación. Espacios de desaparición explora las formas heterogéneas que asumió la desaparición en el sur de Tucumán (zona ocupada militarme durante el “Operativo Independencia”). Este libro presenta, a su vez, un abordaje teórico novedoso al utilizar la teoría crítica del espacio para pensar la manera en que se construye socialmente el espacio en contextos de violencia de Estado.

Development policies, space and violence in Latin America: an interdisciplinary discussion. WORKSHOP, 20/07/2017, UQAM (Montréal)

 

DEVELOPMENT POLICIES, SPACE AND VIOLENCE IN LATIN AMERICA: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY DISCUSSION

20th July, 2017, Montreal

Salle A-5020, UQAM. 10am to 5pm

 

Organized by:

  • Pamela Colombo, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research Fellow (IRIS-EHESS, Paris), visiting scholar at the Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’études latino-américaines (LIELA-UQAM)
  • Patricia Martin, Professeure agrégée (Departement de Geographie, Université de Montreal)

 

Organizing institutions:

  • Département de géographie, Université de Montréal
  • L’Institut de recherche interdisciplinaire sur les enjeux sociaux (IRIS-EHESS)
  • LeLaboratoire interdisciplinaire d’études latino-américaines (LIELA-UQAM)
  • Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research Project “Strategic Village” (H2020-MSCA-IF-2014-GF, 654923)
  • The Latin American Studies Network of Montreal (RELAM)

 

Content of the workshop

The main objective of this workshop is to bring together researchers working from different disciplines (anthropology, sociology, political science, geography) on the spatial impact of development policies applied under authoritarian regimes in Latin America. Although the “spatial turn” is already well-established in the Social and Human Sciences, the appropriation and adaptation of this theoretical frame remains scarcely explored to reflect on State(s) violence(s). Moreover, the analysis of the spatial impact of development policies carried out in a “forced” manner in the period of dictatorships in Latin America remains also barely analysed.

During this workshop we are interested in working around the following topics: (1) the impact of development policies carried out by military regimes on both population and territory, (2) how counterinsurgency policies have modified the territory during the Cold War and the ways in which these reconfigurations endure in the uses of space today, (3) the analysis of the ways in which people live nowadays with and in the infrastructure inherited from the dictatorial regimes, (4) the link between development policies and counterinsurgency measures and their impact on the national territory, (5) the forms of resistance and/or agency of local populations facing the implementation of these territorial reconfiguration.

 

PROGRAM

10.15 – 10.30 Presentation

10.30 – 11.30. Patricia Martin (Université de Montréal)

11.30-12.30. Kevin Gould (Concordia University)

12.30-13.30 Lunch

13.30-14.30. Pamela Colombo (Marie-Curie fellow, EHESS-Paris)

14.30-15.300. Kregg Hetherington (Concordia University)

15.30-15.45 Pause

15.45-16.45. Carlota McAllister (York University)

16.45 Conclusion

 

BIOPICS OF THE PARTICIPANTS

Patricia Martin

Mes projets de recherche sont inspirés par trois grands thèmes en science sociale. Le premier thème est lié aux aspects différenciés du développement international. Je m’intéresse spécifiquement à la manière dont les périodes successives du développement et des restructurations inhérentes au capitalisme–depuis la période expansionniste coloniale jusqu’à la période de globalisation actuelle -ont profondément affecté les processus de construction et de déconstruction des territoires. De même, les relations entre le politique et le pouvoir est le deuxième grand thème qui inspire mes recherches. En adoptant les approches féministes du concept de pouvoir, j’envisage la dimension politique à différents niveaux, de la maison à l’espace public, en passant par l’interaction avec l’État. En fin, le troisième thème qui structure mes travaux porte sur les problématiques d’identité sociale et de subjectivité. Je m’intéresse en effet à la manière dont certaines catégories telles que le genre, la ‘race’ ou l’ethnicité sont associées aux processus de construction sociale de l’espace. De plus, je porte un intérêt à la façon dont les gens comprennent et interprètent leur place dans le monde, dans un contexte de changements économiques, sociaux et politiques.

 

Kevin Gould

Dr. Kevin Gould’s research explores the politics of environmental and economic policy-making in the Americas. He is particularly interested in policies authorized by technical knowledge, and his current research examines how military experts framed development projects during the Cold War in ways that favored elites and reified exclusionary visions of race, nation, and nature. Building on new economic geography and political ecology literature, Dr. Gould’s work investigates the politics of market-assisted land reform, post-disaster reconstruction, environmental impact assessment, and Cold War infrastructure development. Through his research, he seeks to challenge the often violent transnational processes and epistemologies that connect Canada, the United States and Guatemala. Before arriving at Concordia University, Dr. Gould received his Ph.D. in Human Geography from the University of British Columbia (2009) and spent one year as a research fellow at Dartmouth College.

 

Pamela Colombo

Pamela Colombo, PhD in Sociology from the University of the Basque Country (UPV), is a Marie Curie research fellow at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS, Paris). Her research focuses on the relationship between space, counterinsurgency policies and the State. Her current research program examine the construction of “strategic villages” in Latin America (1970-1980). She was visiting scholar at the City University of New York, Goldsmiths College, Freie Universität Berlin, Ibero-Amerikanische Institut Berlin, Konstanz Universität, Universität Freiburg, Centro de Investigaciones Sociales, et l’Institute Francais d’Étude Andines. She was a fellow from the Fyssen Foundation, the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), the European Research Council and the Research Executive Agency (EU). She co-organized several international symposiums on space and violence (Madrid 2012, London 2013, Paris 2016). Among her publications, she has published the book Espacios de Desparición (Miño y Dávila, forthcoming 2017), co-directed the book Space and the Memories of Violence (Palgrave Macmillan 2014), and coordinated several special issues in journals such as Human Remains And Violence, Cultures et Conflicts, and Critique Internationale.

 

Kregg Hetherington

Dr. Kregg Hetherington is a political anthropologist specialized in environment and infrastructure, the bureaucratic state and international development in Latin America.  He has written extensively about how small farmers caught in a sweeping agrarian transition in Paraguay have experienced that country’s halting transition to democracy, showing how activists create new ways of thinking and practicing government. His book, Guerrilla Auditors, is an ethnography of peasant land struggles in Paraguay, and of how rural thinking about property and information come into conflict with bureaucratic reform projects promoted by international experts. His current research focuses on regulation in the soybean boom in Latin America’s southern cone is transforming the relationship between states, plants, people and territory. At Concordia he leads a research group on Infrastructure and Environment that brings together scholars working on a variety of intersections between these two key terms, including agrarian and energy transitions.

 

Carlota McAllister

Carlota McAllister is associate professor of anthropology and former director of the Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean. A political and historical anthropologist, she studies the formation of political and moral agency in situations of conflict or crisis in agrarian communities in Guatemala and Chile, using theoretical tools drawn from the anthropology of religion, actor-network theory, feminist anthropology, and political ecology. Her work has been supported by grants from the Fulbright Institute of International Education, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, among others. With Diane Nelson, she co-edited War by Other Means: Aftermath in Postgenocide Guatemala (Duke UP, 2013), a collection of papers addressing the legacy of 36 years of massive state violence in an aftermath characterized by both neoliberal restructuring and attempts at transitional justice. Her monograph The Good Road: Conscience and Consciousness in a Post-Revolutionary Mayan Village in Guatemala is forthcoming with Duke University Press. It shows how revolutionary consciousness raising, Catholic traditions of moral thought, and indigenous notions and experiences of community briefly converged to produce a Mayan revolutionary consciousness, how the Guatemalan state’s genocidal response to Mayan mobilization for revolution forced them apart again, and how this history shapes contemporary Mayan projects for the future. Her current project addresses a dam conflict in the remote Aysén region of Chilean Patagonia, where energy companies and millionaire private conservationists have clashed over the future uses to which this “last frontier” should be put. She explores how gauchos living in river valleys draw on their history as the heroic pioneers who made this difficult terrain productive, and the material legacy of this history in different forms of private property as resources for building collective responses to the dam proposal, both in favor and against.

 

 

 

 

 

Special Issue “Exhumations in Latin America”

Glad to announce the launch of the special issue Exhumations in Latin America, at Human Remains and Violence Journal (Volume 2, Number 2, Autumn 2016)

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal is a biannual, peer-reviewed publication which draws together the different strands of academic research on the dead body and the production of human remains en masse, whether in the context of mass violence, genocidal occurrences or environmental disasters. Inherently interdisciplinary, the journal publishes papers from a range of academic disciplines within the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences. Human Remains and Violence invites contributions from scholars working in a variety of fields and interdisciplinary research is especially welcome.

Human Remains and Violence was created thanks to funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) / ERC Grant Agreement n° 283-617.

Publisher: Manchester University Press

Volume 2, Number 2, Autumn 2016
Exhumations in Latin America

human-remain-and-violence_500

Space, Violence and Counterinsurgency